ARAI crash test facility which can be used by vehicle manufacturers for test purposes has become fully operational with an elaborate array of equipment to conduct frontal, front off-set and side impact tests.
The crash test infrastructure which is a part of Passive Safety Lab at ARAI’s Chakan campus incorporates electric AC motor drive with a payload capacity of 3.5 tonnes. The drive can propel vehicles to up to 80 kmph. Frontal crash test can be conducted between 48.5 – 53 kmph while the side impact collision test is conducted at 5o kmph (impact pole speed). Moving and deformable barriers are used.
In order to capture the underbody view of crash tests for later analysis, ARAI has equipped its lab with two camera pits measuring 6m x 3m x 3m, one each at full frontal and frontal offset testing facilities. High speed cameras with frame rate of 2000 per second are employed to record the tests. Lighting systems in the facility are capable of illuminating the area with an intensity of up to 1,50,000 Lux.
Crash test facility of ARAI also includes static rollover test rig and deceleration test sled (to conduct various tests such as seat belts, seats, door locks, luggage retention, etc.) with a max speed rating of 80 kmph. ARAI employs 50% hybrid dummies in its crash tests.
With the Indian government gearing up to implement new vehicular safety norms in the near future, ARAI’s new crash test facility is expected to be used frequently and extensively by the automakers for R&D purposes.