The study reveals that it is road conditions in India which will prove hybrid vehicles more effective in India, as compared to the US. Indian road conditions sees traffic congestion, aggressive driving styles and fewer highways. In such conditions, hybrid vehicles would be ideally suited, as compared to the petrol or diesel powered cars.
Hybrid cars were also more efficient in achieving fuel efficiency due to regenerative braking and the fact that its engine could be stopped or put into low power mode. Studies also revealed that driving a hybrid in India would achieve fuel saving of 47-48% over a conventional car while in China, fuel saving would be to the extent of 53-55%. In the US, hybrid car delivers fuel savings of about 40%.
National Mission for Electric Mobility (NMEM) 2020 has set a target of 6-7 million units of new vehicle sales of electric/hybrid vehicles which will in turn result in saving of liquid fuel of 2.2 to 2.5 million tonnes by 2020. Besides this saving it will also result in reduced auto emissions by 1.3-1.5%.
However, for this to be completely fruitful, the government needs to focus on providing support and impetus for this demand of hybrid vehicles to grow. R&D needs to be in place besides charging infrastructure needs to be expanded for which the Government will need to provide support to the tune of INR 13,000 to 14,000 crores over the next 5 to 6 years.
On parallel lines, the industry will also need to concentrate on development of such products and on creating the manufacturing eco system which will go a long way in encouraging better acceptance of hybrid/electric vehicles, add impetus to their manufacture within the country and will in turn be a wise investment for generations to come.
via Berkeley Lab